It is to be remarked that, as a natural result of the incessant struggle between sea and land the outline of the Delta is even now somewhat indefinite, and was probably much more so in the remote past.

The shore is always partly covered with lagoons which move from one place to another.

The immense alluvial plain thus encompassed was called by the Greeks the Delta, owing to its likeness to the fourth letter of their alphabet ( Delta ).

As soon as the river enters this plain its waters divide into several streams which separately wind their way to the sea and make it a garden of incredible fertility.

In ancient times there were seven of these branches, five natural and two artificial.

Only two are now of importance for navigation, the Damietta (Tamiathis) and the Rosetta branches, both named for the towns near which they discharge into the sea.

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Aziza - not her real name - married a 45-year-old man from Saudi Arabia when she was 17 because he promised to find a job for her brother in the Gulf, and gave her penniless parents the equivalent of £2,120, They will forge birth certificates to make the girls appear older and the men younger.

The name Egypt proper applies only to the rather narrow valley of the Nile from the Mediterranean, 31° 35' N. Those figures are summed up at the end of each book. We cannot enter here upon even a cursory analysis, much less a discussion, of the various systems of Egyptian chronology. We know little or nothing of the peoples they battled with, nor can we detect the political reasons which brought about the rise and fall of the several dynasties.

At Assuân the course of the river is broken by the first cataract, where its waters rush between numberless more or less diminutive islands, the most famous of which is the island of Philæ above and Elephantine in front of Assuân. Their tombs, however, have since been discovered at Ûmm-el-Ga'âb, near Abydos, in the territory of the ancient This (Thinis), and the names of Menes, Zer, Usaphais, and Miebis have already been found.

Near Edfu the valley widens out and becomes wider still in the neighbourhood of Esneh (Latopolis). All materials contained on this site, whether written, audible or visual are the exclusive property of Catholic Online and are protected under U. and International copyright laws, © Copyright 2018 Catholic Online.