Iowa City served as the third and last territorial capital of Iowa, and the last four territorial legislatures met at the Old Capitol Building until December 28, 1846, when Iowa was admitted into the United States as the 29th state of the union.

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The facts behind the Black Angel long ago gave way to myths, superstitions and legend surrounding its mysterious change in color from a golden bronze cast to an eerie black.

Founded in 1847, today's University of Iowa is recognized as one of the nation's top public universities, offering more than 100 areas of study for its 31,112 students.

The institution's Writers' Workshop is internationally acclaimed, having fostered the creative talents of Wallace Stegner, Raymond Carver, Flannery O'Connor, T. Boyle, Rita Dove, John Casey, John Irving, Gail Godwin and Jane Smiley, and having as permanent or visiting faculty many prominent writers including its early director Paul Engle, Philip Roth, John Cheever, Nelson Algren, Frank Conroy, Marilynne Robinson and Kurt Vonnegut.

The University also includes one of the leading medical schools and one of the largest university-owned teaching hospitals in the nation. Iowa City is also home to Mercy Hospital, a pre-eminent provider of healthcare to the region.

In this second location, as shown, it became the notorious City Hotel.

Commissioners Chauncey Swan and John Ronalds met on May 1 in the small settlement of Napoleon, south of present-day Iowa City, to select a site for the new capital city.Since its establishment, the cemetery has become the final resting place of many men and women important in the history of Iowa, of Iowa City and the University of Iowa. Lucas, first governor of the territory (1838–41); Samuel J.Kirkwood, governor during the Civil War (1860–64), again in 1876, a U. senator in 1877, and subsequently secretary of the interior and U. minister to Spain; well-known presidents of the university, Walter A. Hancher (1940–64); Cordelia Swan, daughter of one of the three commissioners who selected the site for Iowa City and the new territorial capitol; and Irving B. It is also home to the legendary monument called the "Black Angel", which is an 8.5 foot tall monument for the Feldevert family erected in 1912.One surviving 1839 sketch of the proposed capital shows a radically different layout, with two domes and a central tower.The cornerstone of the Old Capitol Building was laid in Iowa City on July 4, 1840.The University of Iowa Art Museum and Plum Grove, the home of the first Governor of Iowa, are also tourist attractions.