citizen international medical school students and graduates into residency and fellowship training programs.NRMP International, a subsidiary of the National Resident Matching Program, was established in 2010 to provide medical matching services outside the United States and Canada.

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That no longer is true under the current algorithm.

Neither applicants nor programs can benefit by lying about their preferences, even if they have perfect knowledge of everyone's preferences.

In the early 1950s, the National Interassociation Committee on Internships (NICI) examined existing matching plans and chose the Boston Pool Plan, utilized at the time by Boston-area programs, as the model for a trial run of a new centralized system.

In October 1951, student representatives from 79 medical schools formed the National Student Internship Committee (NSIC) to discuss the findings of the NICI trial Match and consider an NICI proposal to replicate the Boston Pool Plan at the national level.

A publication in 1962 by David Gale & Lloyd Shapley noted that there always exists a stable solution when colleges are matching with students, but that it is possible to favor colleges as a group over applicants as a group (and vice versa).

Lloyd Shapley along with Alvin Roth, would go on to win the 2012 Nobel Prize in Economics for their work on stable allocations.A simplified version of the algorithm that is used to perform the matching process is described below and on the NRMP website.However, this description does not include the handling of couples (pairs of applicants who participate in a Match together, perhaps to stay in the same geographic location), second-year positions, or special handling of residency positions that remain unfilled.A debate arose regarding whether the matching program was susceptible to manipulation or unreasonably fair to programs. those that exclude couples, second-year programs, and special cases for handling unfilled slots) that had multiple "stable" matchings, the algorithm would return the solution that preferred the preferences of programs over applicants.However, in the fall of 1995 the NRMP Board of Directors commissioned a preliminary research study to evaluate of the current algorithm and recommend changes to be considered in its operation and description, Matching applicants to programs is a generalization of the stable marriage problem; as a result, the solutions are very similar.The organization, known as the National Intern Matching Program (NIMP), was incorporated on January 7, 1953.